History[ edit ] The name Baphomet appeared in July in a letter by the crusader Anselm of Ribemont: Sequenti die aurora apparente, altis vocibus Baphometh invocaverunt; et nos Deum nostrum in cordibus nostris deprecantes, impetum facientes in eos, de muris civitatis omnes expulimus. British Library , London. Yet Malcolm Barber observes that historians "find it difficult to accept that an affair of such enormity rests upon total fabrication". That in their assemblies, and especially in their grand chapters, they worshipped the idol as a god, as their saviour, saying that this head could save them, that it bestowed on the order all its wealth, made the trees flower, and the plants of the earth to sprout forth. Some Templars denied any knowledge of it. Others, under torture, described it as being either a severed head, a cat, or a head with three faces.
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History[ edit ] The name Baphomet appeared in July in a letter by the crusader Anselm of Ribemont: Sequenti die aurora apparente, altis vocibus Baphometh invocaverunt; et nos Deum nostrum in cordibus nostris deprecantes, impetum facientes in eos, de muris civitatis omnes expulimus. British Library , London. Yet Malcolm Barber observes that historians "find it difficult to accept that an affair of such enormity rests upon total fabrication".
That in their assemblies, and especially in their grand chapters, they worshipped the idol as a god, as their saviour, saying that this head could save them, that it bestowed on the order all its wealth, made the trees flower, and the plants of the earth to sprout forth. Some Templars denied any knowledge of it. Others, under torture, described it as being either a severed head, a cat, or a head with three faces.
Euphemia ,  and possibly the actual head of Hugues de Payens. A templar of Florence declared that, in the secret chapters of the order, one brother said to the other, showing the idol, "Adore this head—this head is your god and your Mahomet. This idol-worship is attributed to Muslims in several chansons de geste.
Honorat , completed in According to Pierre Klossowski in Le Baphomet , Editions Mercure de France, Paris; translated into English by Sophie Hawkes and published as The Baphomet in by Eridanos Press : "The Baphomet has diverse etymologies… the three phonemes that constitute the denomination are also said to signify, in coded fashion, Basileus philosophorum metaloricum: the sovereign of metallurgical philosophers, that is, of the alchemical laboratories that were supposedly established in various chapters of the Temple.
The androgynous nature of the figure apparently goes back to the Adam Kadmon of the Chaldeans , which one finds in the Zohar " pages — In the 18th century, speculative theories arose that sought to tie the Knights Templar with the origins of Freemasonry.
Raynouard, and "supposed that the Templars had a secret doctrine and initiations of several grades" which "the Saracens had communicated It is well known how holy this figure was considered, and that the Gnostics had much in common with the Pythagoreans. From the prayers which the soul shall recite, according to the diagram of the Ophite-worshippers , when they on their return to God are stopped by the Archons, and their purity has to be examined, it appears that these serpent-worshippers believed they must produce a token that they had been clean on earth.
Schonfield — ,  one of the scholars who worked on the Dead Sea Scrolls , argued in his book The Essene Odyssey that the word "Baphomet" was created with knowledge of the Atbash substitution cipher , which substitutes the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet for the last, the second for the second last, and so on. This theory is an important part of the plot of the novel The Da Vinci Code. Joseph Freiherr von Hammer-Purgstall[ edit ] Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall — associated a series of carved or engraved figures found on a number of supposed 13th-century Templar artifacts such as cups, bowls and coffers with the Baphometic idol.
His chief subject is the images which are called Baphomet These little images are of stone, partly hermaphrodites, having, generally, two heads or two faces, with a beard, but, in other respects, female figures, most of them accompanied by serpents, the sun and moon, and other strange emblems, and bearing many inscriptions, mostly in Arabic The inscriptions he reduces almost all to Mete[, which] He asserts that those small figures are such as the Templars, according to the statement of a witness, carried with them in their coffers.
Rosicrucian or alchemical quacks,"  and Peter Partner agreed that the images "may have been forgeries from the occultist workshops. Later in the 19th century, the name of Baphomet became further associated with the occult. This image has become the best-known representation of Baphomet. This sign expresses the perfect harmony of mercy with justice. His one arm is female, the other male like the ones of the androgyne of Khunrath, the attributes of which we had to unite with those of our goat because he is one and the same symbol.
The flame of intelligence shining between his horns is the magic light of the universal balance, the image of the soul elevated above matter, as the flame, whilst being tied to matter, shines above it. The rod standing instead of genitals symbolizes eternal life, the body covered with scales the water, the semi-circle above it the atmosphere, the feathers following above the volatile.
Humanity is represented by the two breasts and the androgyne arms of this sphinx of the occult sciences. A goat with a candle between its horns appears in medieval witchcraft records,  and other pieces of lore are cited in Dogme et Rituel. Yes, we confront here that phantom of all terrors, the dragon of all theogenies, the Ahriman of the Persians, the Typhon of the Egyptians, the Python of the Greeks, the old serpent of the Hebrews, the fantastic monster, the nightmare, the Croquemitaine, the gargoyle, the great beast of the Middle Ages, and—worse than all these—the Baphomet of the Templars, the bearded idol of the alchemist, the obscene deity of Mendes, the goat of the Sabbath.
Yes, in our profound conviction, the Grand Masters of the Order of Templars worshipped the Baphomet, and caused it to be worshipped by their initiates; yes, there existed in the past, and there may be still in the present, assemblies which are presided over by this figure, seated on a throne and having a flaming torch between the horns. But the adorers of this sign do not consider, as do we, that it is a representation of the devil; on the contrary, for them it is that of the god Pan, the god of our modern schools of philosophy, the god of the Alexandrian theurgic school and of our own mystical Neoplatonists, the god of Lamartine and Victor Cousin, the god of Spinoza and Plato, the god of the primitive Gnostic schools; the Christ also of the dissident priesthood The mysteries of the Sabbath have been variously described, but they figure always in grimoires and in magical trials; the revelations made on the subject may be classified under three heads—1.
It has been pointed out that these debates included contemporary forms of Romantic socialism , or Utopian socialism , which were seen as the heirs of the Gnostics, Templars, and other mystics. In fact, his narrative mirrors historiographies of socialism, including the Histoire des Montagnards by his best friend and political comrade Alphonse Esquiros. He developed this notion in the context of what has been called "spiritualist magnetism": theories that stressed the religious implications of magnetism.
Often, their representatives were socialists that believed in the social consequences of a "synthesis" of religion and science that was to be achieved by the means of magnetism. For the album by Akercocke, see The Goat of Mendes. Herodotus relates how all male goats were held in great reverence by the Mendesians, and how in his time a woman publicly copulated with a goat. Wallis Budge writes, At several places in the Delta, e. Hermopolis, Lycopolis, and Mendes, the god Pan and a goat were worshipped; Strabo, quoting xvii.
The Mendisians, according to this last writer, paid reverence to all goats, and more to the males than to the females, and particularly to one he-goat, on the death of which public mourning is observed throughout the whole Mendesian district; they call both Pan and the goat Mendes, and both were worshipped as gods of generation and fecundity.
Diodorus  compares the cult of the goat of Mendes with that of Priapus, and groups the god with the Pans and the Satyrs. The goat referred to by all these writers is the famous Mendean Ram, or Ram of Mendes, the cult of which was, according to Manetho, established by Kakau, a king of the second dynasty. It is a false name invented by the Black Brothers to imply a Unity in their ignorant muddle of dispersions.
A devil who had unity would be a God He is therefore Life, and Love. But moreover his letter is ayin, the Eye, so that he is Light; and his Zodiacal image is Capricornus, that leaping goat whose attribute is Liberty.
In his Confessions he describes the circumstances that led to this etymology:  I had taken the name Baphomet as my motto in the O. For six years and more I had tried to discover the proper way to spell this name. I knew that it must have eight letters, and also that the numerical and literal correspondences must be such as to express the meaning of the name in such a way as to confirm what scholarship had found out about it, and also to clear up those problems which archaeologists had so far failed to solve Needless to say, the suffix R supported the latter theory.
I added up the word as spelt by the Wizard. It totalled This number had never appeared in my Cabbalistic working and therefore meant nothing to me. It however justified itself as being the cube of nine. So far, the Wizard had shown great qualities! He had cleared up the etymological problem and shown why the Templars should have given the name Baphomet to their so-called idol. Baphomet was Father Mithras, the cubical stone which was the corner of the Temple.
Modern interpretations and usage[ edit ] The Devil in the Rider-Waite tarot deck. Chick claimed that Baphomet is a demon worshipped by Freemasons,  a claim that apparently originated with the Taxil hoax. Baphomet is followed by minotaurs and other savage creatures. He desires the end of civilizations so all creatures may embrace their most basic, brutal instincts. He is described as a massive, black minotaur, with blood around his mouth and red eyes. He wears an iron crown topped with the heads of his enemies, along with spiked armor.
He wields a huge glaive, named "Heartcleaver", but commonly fights with his hooves, claws, and horns. He rules of the th layer of The Abyss , known as the "Endless Maze", and is the sworn enemy of Yeenoghu, another demon lord.
The game depicts Baphomet very close to the original, except that it has a male torso, and dragon-like wings as opposed to feathered ones. Baphomet also can turn himself invisible during his attack periods. Successfully defeating him shall win the game, albeit it is noted that defeating him does not mean he is killed.
An interpretation of Baphomet, referred to as The Sword of Baphomet, forms part of the main plot in the point-and-click adventure game developed by Revolution Software , Broken Sword: The Shadow of the Templars. It is the first game in the Broken Sword series. The player assumes the role of George Stobbart , an American tourist in Paris, as he attempts to unravel a conspiracy much of which is influenced by and includes factual and fictional references and narrative devices relating to the History of the Knights Templar.
In July YouTube star and singer Poppy depicted the deity in the music video for her single "Lowlife". Poppy can be seen imitating the famous pose of Baphomet.
The Satanic Temple has accused the show of plagiarizing their depiction of Baphomet, though later settled out of court. Iannis Stamatakos has pointed out that the name Baphomet, when interpreted through the universal transliteration of the letters with the Greek, is a basic atbash crypt which splits the word in the middle and places the last part to the beginning of the word spelling the word "Metapho R ", with the letter B inserted to add complexity. This would be consistent with occultists like Alistair Crowley, whose entire corpus of works is an extended joke.
Learn how and when to remove this template message Stanislas de Guaita — , philosopher and poet. He was very celebrated and successful in his time. He had many disputes with other people who were involved with occultism and magic. Occultism and magic were part of his novels. He was born in the castle of Alteville in the commune of Tarquimpol , Moselle , and went to school at the lyceum in Nancy, where he studied chemistry, metaphysics and Cabala. As a young man, he moved to Paris, and his luxurious apartment became a meeting place for poets, artists, and writers who were interested in esotericism and mysticism. Stanislas de Guaita drew the original goat pentagram, which first appeared in the book La Clef de la Magie Noire, in
La clef de la magie noire