Revelation James Burton Coffman James Burton Coffman was a prolific author, preacher, teacher and leader among churches of Christ in the 20th century. He was born May 24, , in Taylor County to pioneer West Texans "so far out in the country it took two days to go to town and back. After earning his degree, Coffman served as a high school principal for two years in Callahan County, then taught history and English at Abilene High School. In , he was offered a position as associate minister and song leader in Wichita Falls, the beginning of his career as a minister. Then, he married Thelma "Sissy" Bradford in
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Author and Time of Writing The name of the author of the Gospel of John is not mentioned - as is the case with the three synoptic gospels as well. The writer steps back into the background, behind the message of God.
John was an eyewitness of the reported occurrences though, as he himself writes John ; John In fact, only an eyewitness would be able to give such clear particulars as "about the tenth hour" John , "six water pots of stone" John and " great fishes" John Five times, the author of the Gospel calls himself "the disciple, whom Jesus loved" compare John with ch.
Of the three disciples who were most intimate with the Lord Jesus which are Peter, James and John the latter is never mentioned throughout the whole Gospel. This reserve would confirm the tradition of the old church that John, the disciple of the Lord, is the author of this Gospel. Theophilus of Antioch quoted the first verse of the gospel around AD and named John as author. There have been, however, other presumptions in the past as well as in recent times. According to some a Presbyterian by the same name shall have been the author.
However, there are no irrefutable proofs against the authorship of John. We know more of John than we know of any other author of the Gospels. He was one of the two sons of Zebedee. Zebedee was probably a prosperous fishermen on the shore of lake Galilee and he employed hired servants Mark John and his brother James were full of zeal for the Lord Jesus.
This is probably why he named them Boanerges the sons of thunder, Mark Luke reports two occurrences where John shows great zeal Luke ; Luke John, his brother James and Peter belonged to the inner circle of the apostles. Peter and John were sent to prepare the last Passover Luke ; they were also the first disciples whom Mary Magdalene met on the resurrection day of the Lord Jesus and who saw the empty sepulchre John It was him as well who first recognised the Lord when He appeared to them at the sea of Tiberias John According to Galatians Paul met John at his second visit in Jerusalem.
After that John moved to Minor Asia Ephesus where he is likely to have stayed till his death at a very old age around the year AD. This stay was interrupted though by his exile on the island of Patmos Revelation The Gospel of John is probably the book that has been written last of all the books of the Bible. According to tradition this very special Gospel was written at the very end of the first century AD.
Subject and purpose of writing None of the evangelists had the intention to write a complete description of the life of Christ according to human principles.
And yet the three first Gospel-writers describe in brief outlines the coming and actions of Christ from His baptism at Jordan till His resurrection and ascension - and this is why they are called synoptic gospels. The purpose of the Holy Spirit in the Gospel of John is a different one.
Of the thirty miracles listed in the synoptic Gospels John mentions only one the feeding of the 5 , in ch. But John describes six other miracles which are not mentioned anywhere else. This adds up to seven miracles. Seven is a divinely perfect and sufficient number. John does not call them miracles, however, but signs. John gives the reason therefore in ch.
In a nearly childlike simple language with a vocabulary of only around words John communicates to us the exalted truth that the Word, the eternal Son of God, has become flesh. He therefore does not mention anything like the genealogy, the birth or the childhood of the Lord Jesus. Instead, the very first verse of the Gospel takes the reader back into eternity: "In the beginning was the Word. All these served only to reveal the divine omnipotence of the Lord. When the Lord Jesus was taken captive he said to the soldiers: "I am he" John , they went away backwards and fell to the ground.
This is why this Gospel does not mention the time of prayer at Gethsemane. The Son of God had power to lay down His life and He had power to take it again The few incidents John records are in chronological order as in the Gospel of Mark. John is the only evangelist mentioning three Passovers in his Gospel. This is the main reason why we assume that the public service of the Lord Jesus must have lasted for about three years compare John ; John ; John In contrast to the Synoptic Gospels the Lord Jesus is presented as the rejected one right from the beginning chapter Again and again "the Jews" that is the leaders of the people are seen as the adversaries of the Lord Jesus.
This occurred before his ministry in Galilee. All these occurrences point out the contrast - which men cannot overcome - between darkness and light, between death and life, between the world and God.
Only because God, the Son, became man, and fulfilled the work of redemption on the cross, the way to God for men could be opened up by faith. This fragment was deciphered by the English scholar C.
Roberts in He discovered that the fragment bore the Greek text of John in the front and John on the back. A more precise determination of the age of this fragment resulted in its time of origin at around to AD.
These twelve verses are missing in the oldest known Greek manuscripts as well as in some old translations. Hieronymus however testifies that these verses were included in many Greek and Latin manuscripts. Hieronymus lived from - Augustine stated that this paragraph has been taken out of the text by men of little faith or enemies of the true faith. Their motive is likely to have been fear of a possible misuse of the verses.
Overview of Contents I. John Prologue: the Word II.
JAMES BURTON COFFMAN COMMENTARY PDF
This theme was stated at the outset James , thus: "That ye may be perfect and entire, lacking in nothing. James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are of the Dispersion, greeting. The very use of the title "Lord" in the New Testament denotes this, the same being the "title given to the early Roman emperors to denote their deity. Paul, Timothy, Peter, Jude, and Epaphras were all so designated, the New Testament word for each being [ doulos], meaning "one born into slavery"; thus every such usage of it indicates that such a servant was a "born again" Christian. To the twelve tribes which are of the Dispersion This is an unfortunate rendition because of the capitalization of "Dispersion," making it a technical term for the Jewish people.
James Burton Coffman Commentaries Series
In contrast to various other prophets Ezekiel has not been criticised as much. Should the reason for it be that the book does not speak in such detailed manner of the glory of the Lord Jesus, the Messiah? According to Ezekiel the prophet, together with King Jehoiachin, and many noble of the people of Judah had been brought to Babylon in the second deportation in BC. This event is described in 2 Kings and 2 Chronicles