His father Evaristo came from a noble family of Sicilian origin and was a railway engineer in charge of the construction of the Thessaly railway. His mother Gemma Cervetto came from a family of Genovese origin. In , his elder sister Adelaide died. In , the family returned to Volos where they stayed until and where Giorgio took his first drawing lessons.

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His father Evaristo came from a noble family of Sicilian origin and was a railway engineer in charge of the construction of the Thessaly railway. His mother Gemma Cervetto came from a family of Genovese origin. In , his elder sister Adelaide died. In , the family returned to Volos where they stayed until and where Giorgio took his first drawing lessons. They returned to the capital where Giorgio attended the Athens Polytechnic form After several years of ill health, his father died in May at the age of In September , his mother decided to leave Greece with her sons.

After two short stopovers in Venice and Milan, the family settled in Munich where Giorgio attended the Academy of Fine Arts whilst Andrea studied music.

In June , he joined his mother and brother in Milan. He suffered from severe intestinal illness brought about by the death of his father.

Metaphysical Art: Florence-Paris-Ferrara In March , the family moved to Florence where their paternal aunt and uncle lived. Sometimes I painted small canvases. On 14 July , he arrived in Paris, where he developed the Italian Piazza theme. Picasso and Apollinaire took notice of his work. De Chirico introduced his brother Savinio to Apollinaire at the end of January. He started work on the Mannequin theme.

In May , de Chirico and Savinio returned to Italy to report to the military authorities in Florence and were sent to Ferrara. De Chirico, assigned to non-combat duty, remained in Ferrara where he painted the first works on the Metaphysical Interior theme. In , he met Filippo de Pisis who was just 20 years old at the time.

Apollinaire passed away on 9 November The relationship came to an end in December During this period, his interest in the work of the Great Masters intensified. He studied tempera and panel painting techniques in Florence. In , he held a solo show at Galleria Arte in Milan.

In , an important exhibition of his work was held at Galerie Paul Guillaume in Paris which included 55 works. Breton wrote the introduction to the accompanying catalogue. During in Rome, he met his wife-to-be, the Russian ballerina and future archaeologist Raissa Gourevitch Krol.

He settled permanently in the French capital in By this time, his rupture with the group was definitive and destined to worsen in the years to come. De Chirico made the acquaintance of Albert C. Barnes, who would become an avid patron of his work. During this period, he painted still lifes, portraits and female nudes of a luminous naturalism. He married Raissa on 3 February when their relationship was already in difficulty.

In the autumn, he met Isabella Pakszwer later known as Isabella Far who became his second wife and remained his life-long companion. His break-up with Raissa was complete by late De Chirico and Isabella moved to Florence where they stayed for a year.

He participated in the II Roman Quadrennial with 45 paintings of which seven from this new theme. A number of paintings were bought by Albert C. Barnes for his museum as well as by other art collectors. He designed a dining room for Decorators Picture Gallery, in an initiative in which Picasso and Matisse also participated.

In , he settled permanently in Rome. Irving Penn photographed the artist with a laurel crown in a celebrative and ironic pose. He began a fierce battle against the falsification of his painting, which had begun in the mids. On 18 May , he married Isabella Pakszwer. Rome at last: Piazza di Spagna In , he set up studio in an apartment located at 31 Piazza di Spagna, where moved the following year and spent the rest of his life.

At the end of , he was elected an honorary member of the Royal Society of British Artists. In , he held a solo show with the prestigious society. Similar shows took place in and On 5 May , Alberto Savinio died in Rome. At the end of the s, he began to cast bronze sculptures.

The final years - Metaphsyical Art: Rome The year-old artist could work freely once more following a period in which his time had been occupied with filling art commission contracts. He began a phase of research known as Neometaphysical Art, in which he re-elaborated subject matter from his painting and graphic work of the s, s and s. Subjects such as the Mannequin, the Troubadour, the Archaeologists, the Gladiators, the Mysterious Baths and the Sun on the Easel were interpreted in a different light with brighter colours and serene atmospheres compared to the disquieting mood seen in his early metaphysical period.

With profound poetry, new combinations of subjects appeared within the innovative spatial compositions such as the Italian Piazza and the Metaphysical Interior, newly inhabited by mythological characters such as Minerva and Mercury. De Chirico travelled to New York for the occasion. In November , he was elected to the Academy of France. On 20 November , Giorgio de Chirico died in Rome at 90 years of age. In , his remains were transferred to the San Francesco a Ripa church, located in the Trastevere quarter of Rome.


Giorgio de Chirico

His father Evaristo was an engineer and his mother, Gemma Cervetto, a noblewoman of Genoese origin. Two years later in Athens, his brother Andrea was born. Andrea adopted the pseudonym of Alberto Savinio in his work as a writer and musician. During this time Giorgio, whose father always supported his passion for art, took his first drawing lessons with the Greek painter Mavrudis. In , following the death of his father, the De Chirico family moved to Germany where Giorgio attended the Academy of Fine Arts and came into contact with German artistic, literary and philosophical culture.


His mother was Genoese - Greek [3] likely born in Smyrna and his father a Sicilian barone [2] [4] from a family of remote Greek origin the Kyriko or Chirico was a family of Greek origin that moved from Rhodes to Palermo in , together with other Greek-Catholic families. By , he was beginning to paint in a simpler style of flat, anonymous surfaces. He also painted The Enigma of the Oracle while in Florence. In July he spent a few days in Turin on his way to Paris. The paintings de Chirico produced between and , his metaphysical period, are characterized by haunted, brooding moods evoked by their images.


Rond ontwikkelde De Chirico interesse voor pleinen en symmetrische gebouwen uit de Renaissance vanwege hun klassieke vormen. Symmetrische stadsgezichten zouden een groot thema worden in zijn werk. Ook lezing van denkers als Nietzsche , Schopenhauer en Weininger liet sporen na. Vanaf woonde en werkte De Chirico in Parijs , waar kunsthandelaar Paul Guillaume zijn werk ging verkopen.

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