A link to FM Care under fire 2. Tactical field care 3. Combat casualty evacuation care 3 What is a CCP?
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Because medical personnel will not always be readily available, the nonmedical service members must rely heavily on their own skills and knowledge of life-sustaining methods to survive on the integrated battlefield. This publication outlines both self-aid and aid to other service members buddy aid. More importantly, it emphasizes prompt and effective action in sustaining life and preventing or minimizing further suffering and disability.
First aid is the emergency care given to the sick, injured, or wounded before being treated by medical personnel. This manual is directed to all service members.
The procedures discussed apply to all types of casualties and the measures described are for use by both male and female service members. Unless this publication states otherwise, masculine nouns and pronouns do not refer exclusively to men. Use of trade or brand names in this publication is for illustrative purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the Department of Defense DOD. General When a nonmedical service member comes upon an unconscious or injured service member, he must accurately evaluate the casualty to determine the first aid measures needed to prevent further injury or death.
He should seek medical assistance as soon as possible, but he should not interrupt the performance of first aid measures. To interrupt the first aid measures may cause more harm than good to the casualty. Remember that in a chemical environment, the service member should not evaluate the casualty until the casualty has been masked.
After performing first aid, the service member must proceed with the evaluation and continue to monitor the casualty for development of conditions which may require the performance of necessary basic lifesaving measures, such as clearing the airway, rescue breathing, preventing shock, and controlling bleeding.
He should continue to monitor the casualty until relieved by medical personnel. NOTE The prevalence of various body armor systems currently fielded to US service members, and those in development for future fielding, may present a temporary obstacle to effective evaluation of an injured service member. You may have to carefully remove the body armor from the injured service member to complete the evaluation or administer first aid.
Begin by removing the outer—most hard or soft body armor components open, unfasten or cut the closures, fasteners, or straps , then remove any successive layers in the same manner. Be sure to follow other notes, cautions and warnings regarding procedures in contaminated situations and when a broken back or neck is suspected.
Continue to evaluate.
First Aid — C1, FM 4-25.11 (FM 21-11), NTRP 4-02.1.1, AFMAN 44-163(I), MCRP 3-02G
FM 4-25.11 First Aid