Books Dr. Claud Anderson is founder and president of The Harvest Institute, a think-tank whose mission is the social and economic reform of Black America. A well-known political strategist, businessman, educator and economic development consultant, Dr. Anderson was a former official of the Carter Administration. It tracks slavery and Jim Crow public policies that used Black labor to construct a superpower nation.
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This site is for educational purposes. Slavery in the new world from Africa to the Americas. Black-owned businesses have never had an easy time of it.
Often under- capitalized, usually under-patronized, even by their natural constituency, hundreds of them still managed to survive the Slave Codes, the Black Codes, anti-black riots in dozens of American cities, and torpedo legislation.
Maryland forbade black carpenters. Mississippi prohibited black printers and preachers. Georgia said no black pharmacists or mechanics. The District of Columbia, South Carolina and Kentucky would grant blacks no business licenses at all. The social prohibitions were even harsher, designed to keep black Americans down while whites got free land, free or cheap labor and a government that worked for and in their interests. He will grant, without too much prodding, that the laws put in place to help right years of wrongs are virtually dead.
Anderson said the argument for righting wrongs was lost when African Americans forgot that oppressive laws applied to all of them, not to individuals. In Philadelphia last Thursday as a guest of the African American Chamber of Commerce, he repeated the message he lays out in his book: Black labor, in all its forms, is becoming obsolete. Map of the percentage of black-owned businesses across the USA Unless African Americans put together a coherent educational and economic strategy, they risk becoming a permanent underclass within 20 years, Anderson said.
Black businesspeople will have to lead, he added. Percentage of white owned businesses across the USA Anderson, a former Commerce Department appointee in the Carter administration, is traveling the country to emphasize the warnings he makes in Black Labor, White Wealth.
He said groups that survive through the next century will be self- supporting. You do not have enough wealth and power to be competitive. And time is running out on you. The thinking part lives in the suburbs, while the body lives in the city. He writes that the political climate will only grow worse. Whites live in privileged conditions, with nearly percent ownership and control of the nations wealth, power, business and all levels of government support and resources.
Blacks were prohibited by the legal and social sanctions that withheld capital, market opportunities, access to resources and education from establishing businesses. In the concept of vertical integration, a single entity or group controls all aspects of the creation, and sale of a service or product, including obtaining the raw materials, processing and manufacturing, then distributing, marketing and selling the finished products… The Black community could adapt these concepts to the music and sports industries and thereby spread millions of dollars into black business throughout the nation.
Black Labor White Wealth
Black Labor, White Wealth : The Search for Power and Economic Justice