I have no doubt that in this great assembly there are men whose political experience is far more extensive than mine, and for whose knowledge of affairs I have the highest respect. It will, therefore, be presumptuous on my part to claim to guide an assembly of such men in the political decisions which they are called upon to make today. I lead no party; I follow no leader. I have given the best part of my life to a careful study of Islam, its law and polity, its culture, its history and its literature. This constant contact with the spirit of Islam, as it unfolds itself in time, has, I think, given me a kind of insight into its significance as a world fact.
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However, Allama Muhammad Iqbal gave the most lucid explanation of the inner feelings of Muslim community in his presidential address to the All India Muslim League at Allahabad in Allama Muhammad Iqbal was a poet, philosopher and thinker who had gained countrywide fame and recognition by Political events had taken an ominous turn.
There was a two-pronged attack on the Muslim interests. On one hand, the Hindus offered a tough opposition by proposing the Nehru Report as the ultimate constitution for India. On the other, the British government in India had totally ignored the Muslim demands in the Simon Commission report. At this critical juncture, Iqbal realized that the peculiar problems of the Muslims in North-West India could only be understood by people belonging to this region and that in order to survive they would have to chalk out their own line of action.
In his address, Allama Iqbal explained that Islam was the major formative factor in the life history of Indian Muslims. It furnished those basic emotions and loyalties, which gradually unify scattered individuals and groups and finally transform them into a well-defined people, possessing a moral consciousness of their own. He defined the Muslims of India as a nation and suggested that there could be no possibility of peace in the country unless and until they were recognized as a nation.
He claimed that the only way for the Muslims and Hindus to prosper in accordance with their respective cultural values was under a federal system where Muslim majority units were given the same privileges that were to be given to the Hindu majority units.
He declared that the northwestern part of the country was destined to unite as a self-governed unit, within the British Empire or without it. This, he suggested, was the only way to do away with communal riots and bring peace in the Sub-continent. The national spirit that Iqbal fused amongst the Muslims of India later on developed into the ideological basis of Pakistan. This article was last updated on Sunday, June 01, Disclaimer: The views expressed by the writer are purely their own and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of Story Of Pakistan.
Allahabad Address (1930)
He inspired Muslims of the Sub-Continent and beyond. He infused a moving spirit and identity in the Indian Muslims. He presented a framework of their political future and talked how that would help to achieve the goal of Ummah. He presented a vision and dream in his Allahabad Address. Background The Hindu-Muslim question had great importance and stood crucial to British Indian history after , especially in the 20th century. The Hindus desired to absorb them in their majority but they could not face the arguments of the Muslim intellectuals.
1930 Presidential Address, Allahabad
However, the most lucid explanation of the inner feelings of the Muslim community was given by Allama Muhammad Iqbal in his presidential address to the All-India Muslim League at Allahabad in Allama Muhammad Iqbal was a poet, philosopher and thinker who had gained country-wide fame and recognition by Political events took an ominous turn. There was a two-pronged attack on the Muslim interests. On one hand, the Hindus offered a tough opposition by proposing the Nehru report as the ultimate constitution for India. On the other, the British government in India in the course of observations on the Simon Commission report ignored the Muslim demands.